Online Communication

Ethics Opinions

  • CAL 2003-164: Forming an Attorney-Client Relationship on a Radio Call-In Show or Similar Form
  • CAL 2004-166: Communicating with Mass Disaster Victims via Internet Chat Room
  • CAL 2005-168: Website for Visitors to Submit Legal Questions and Confidentiality
  • CAL 2010-179: Confidentiality and Technology
  • CAL 2012-184: Virtual Law Office
  • CAL 2013-188: Confidential Information and Unsolicited Email Correspondence
  • CAL 2016-196: Attorney Blogging
  • LA 514: Ethical Issues Involving Lawyer and Judicial Participation in Listserv Communications (August 2005)
  • LA 525: Ethical Duties of Lawyers in Connection with Adverse Comments Published by a Former Client (December 2012)
  • SD 2006-1: Electronic communication technology revolution via computer networks and new opportunities for public access to legal services and for lawyers and law firms
  • SD 2011-2: Has an attorney violated his ethical obligations by making an ex parte "friend" request to a represented party
  • SD 2012-1: What conditions, consistent with the California Rules of Professional Conduct and the State Bar Act, must an attorney meet to represent a client in litigation when that client regularly transmits and stores information digitally, including by email?
  • SF 2014-1: May an attorney respond to a negative online review by a former client alleging incompetence but not disclosing any confidential information where the former client's matter has concluded?  If so, may the attorney reveal confidential information in providing such a response?  Does the analysis change if the former client's matter has not concluded?
  • ABA Ethics Opinion 11-459: Duty to Protect the Confidentiality of E-mail Communications with One's Client
  • ABA Ethics Opinion 11-460: Duty when Lawyer Receives Copies of a Third Party's E-mail Communications with Counsel
  • Florida Bar Ethics Opinion 00-4: Legal Services over the Internet
  • New York City Bar Formal Opinion 2001-1: Obligations of Law Firm Receiving Unsolicited E-Mail Communications from Prospective Client
  • Ohio Board of Commissioners on Grievances and Discipline Opinion 2013-2: Direct Contact with Prospective Clients:Text Messages
  • Oregon State Bar Formal Opinion 2005-164: Communicating with Represented Persons: Contact Through Web Sites and the Internet
  • Pennsylvania Bar Association Committee on Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility Opinion 2010-200: Ethical Obligations on Maintaining a Virtual Office for the Practice of Law in Pennsylvania
  • State Bar of Nevada Formal Opinion No. 32: Attorney-Client Relationship Following the Advent of the Internet and Electronic Means of Communication


Online Participatory MCLE Programs